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Wikimedia is not loading stylesheets and images after applying short URL


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I am trying to make our mediawiki reachable from the internet, but it does not work. I have tried several things (you will see it in the config files..) but could only get to the point where the side is only loading without a stylesheet and only a few images.
Right now, it is fully working under example.com:8080/index.php/MainPage with a separate vhost.conf. It should be reachable under example.com/wiki/MainPage.
The Software I am using:

 - MediaWiki 1.31.1
 - PHP 7.2.24
 - MySQL 5.7.32
 - Apache 2.4.29

This is the working vhost.conf, only accessible from our internal network I want to get rid of:

<VirtualHost *:80>
	# The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that
	# the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating
	# redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName
	# specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to
	# match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this
	# value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.
	# However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.
	#ServerName www.example.com

	ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
	ServerName example.com
	ServerAlias www.example.com
	DocumentRoot /var/www/example.com/html

<Directory /var/www/example.com/html>
    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
    AllowOverride All
    Require all granted
</Directory>

	# Available loglevels: trace8, ..., trace1, debug, info, notice, warn,
	# error, crit, alert, emerg.
	# It is also possible to configure the loglevel for particular
	# modules, e.g.
	#LogLevel info ssl:warn
	
	ScriptAlias /cgi-bin /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
	<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
		AllowOverride None
		Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
		Order allow,deny
		Allow from all
	</Directory>
	Include /etc/mediawiki/mediawiki.conf
	
	ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
	CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined

	# For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are
	# enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to
	# include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the
	# following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only
	# after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".
	#Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf
</VirtualHost>

        # The ServerName directive sets the request scheme, hostname and port that
        # the server uses to identify itself. This is used when creating
        # redirection URLs. In the context of virtual hosts, the ServerName
        # specifies what hostname must appear in the request's Host: header to
        # match this virtual host. For the default virtual host (this file) this
        # value is not decisive as it is used as a last resort host regardless.
        # However, you must set it for any further virtual host explicitly.
        #ServerName www.example.com

	<VirtualHost *:8080>
        ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost

DocumentRoot /var/www/mediawiki
        <Directory />
                Options FollowSymLinks
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
        </Directory>
<Directory /var/www/mediawiki>
                Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
                AllowOverride None
                Order allow,deny
                allow from all
</Directory>

        ScriptAlias /cgi-bin/ /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
        <Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
                AllowOverride None
                Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
                Order allow,deny
                Allow from all
        </Directory>
        Include /etc/mediawiki/mediawiki.conf

        ErrorLog /var/log/apache2/error.log

        # Possible values include: debug, info, notice, warn, error, crit,
        # alert, emerg.
        LogLevel warn

        CustomLog /var/log/apache2/access.log combined

    Alias /doc/ "/usr/share/doc/"
    <Directory "/usr/share/doc/">
        Options Indexes MultiViews FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride None
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all
    </Directory>

        # For most configuration files from conf-available/, which are
        # enabled or disabled at a global level, it is possible to
        # include a line for only one particular virtual host. For example the
        # following line enables the CGI configuration for this host only
        # after it has been globally disabled with "a2disconf".
        #Include conf-available/serve-cgi-bin.conf
</VirtualHost>

# vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet



# vim: syntax=apache ts=4 sw=4 sts=4 sr noet

That is my new vhost.conf:

<VirtualHost *:80>
    ServerAdmin webmaster@localhost
    ServerName example.com
    ServerAlias www.example.com
    DocumentRoot /var/www

    <Directory /var/www>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
        allow from all
    </Directory>
    
    <Location /home>
	    Order Allow,Deny
	    Allow from all
    </Location>
    Alias /home "/var/www/example.com/html"
    <Directory /var/www/example.com/html>
        Options Indexes FollowSymLinks
        AllowOverride All
        Require all granted
    </Directory>
    
    ScriptAlias /cgi-bin /usr/lib/cgi-bin/
	<Directory "/usr/lib/cgi-bin">
		AllowOverride None
		Options +ExecCGI -MultiViews +SymLinksIfOwnerMatch
		Order allow,deny
		Allow from all
	</Directory>
	
	ErrorLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/error.log
	CustomLog ${APACHE_LOG_DIR}/access.log combined
	
#	RewriteEngine On
#	RewriteRule ^/?(/.*)?$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/example.com/html/$1 [L]
	
    <Location /wiki>
	    Order Allow,Deny
	    Allow from all
    </Location>

#<Directory />
#                Options FollowSymLinks
#                AllowOverride None
#                Order allow,deny
#     allow from all
#</Directory>
		
	Alias /wiki "/var/www/mediawiki/index.php"
#	Alias /wiki/load.php "/var/www/mediawiki/load.php"
	Alias /wiki/images "/var/www/mediawiki/images"
	<Directory /var/www/mediawiki>
	    Options Indexes FollowSymLinks MultiViews
        AllowOverride All
        Order allow,deny
        allow from all
    </Directory>
	<Directory /var/www/mediawiki/images>
		Options -Indexes
	</Directory> 
   
    Include /etc/mediawiki/mediawiki.conf
    
#    RewriteEngine On
#    RewriteRule ^/?mediawiki(/.*)?$ %{DOCUMENT_ROOT}/mediawiki/index.php [L]
    
</VirtualHost>

That is my LocalSettings.php:

<?php
# This file was automatically generated by the MediaWiki 1.31.1
# installer. If you make manual changes, please keep track in case you
# need to recreate them later.
#
# See includes/DefaultSettings.php for all configurable settings
# and their default values, but don't forget to make changes in _this_
# file, not there.
#
# Further documentation for configuration settings may be found at:
# https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Configuration_settings

# Protect against web entry
#if ( !defined( 'MEDIAWIKI' ) ) {
#	exit;
#}


## Uncomment this to disable output compression
# $wgDisableOutputCompression = true;

$wgSitename = "examplewiki";
$wgMetaNamespace = "examplewiki";

## The URL base path to the directory containing the wiki;
## defaults for all runtime URL paths are based off of this.
## For more information on customizing the URLs
## (like /w/index.php/Page_title to /wiki/Page_title) please see:
## https://www.mediawiki.org/wiki/Manual:Short_URL
#$wgScriptPath = "";


## The protocol and server name to use in fully-qualified URLs
#$wgServer = "http://www.example.com:8080";

## Die Zeile stammt aus dem Test, das Wiki aus dem Internet erreichen
## zu können mit der "example.com.test.conf" für Apache:
$wgServer = "http://example.com";
$wgScriptPath = "/mediawiki";
#$wgLoadScript = "/mediawiki/load.php";
$wgArticlePath = "/wiki/$1";
$wgUsePathInfo = false;
$wgDebugLogFile = "/var/log/mediawiki/example.test5.log";
#wfErrorLog( "An error occurred.\n", '/var/log/mediawiki/my-custom-debug.log' );

## The URL path to static resources (images, scripts, etc.)
$wgResourceBasePath = $wgScriptPath;

## The URL path to the logo.  Make sure you change this from the default,
## or else you'll overwrite your logo when you upgrade!
$wgLogo = "$wgResourceBasePath/resources/assets/mediawiki.png";

## UPO means: this is also a user preference option

$wgEnableEmail = true;
$wgEnableUserEmail = true; # UPO

$wgEmergencyContact = "apache@www.example.com";
$wgPasswordSender = "apache@www.example.com";

$wgEnotifUserTalk = false; # UPO
$wgEnotifWatchlist = false; # UPO
$wgEmailAuthentication = true;

## Database settings
$wgDBtype = "mysql";
$wgDBserver = "localhost";
$wgDBname = "wikidb";
$wgDBuser = "wikiuser";
$wgDBpassword = "**********";

# MySQL specific settings
$wgDBprefix = "";

# MySQL table options to use during installation or update
$wgDBTableOptions = "ENGINE=InnoDB, DEFAULT CHARSET=binary";

## Shared memory settings
$wgMainCacheType = CACHE_ACCEL;
$wgMemCachedServers = [];

## To enable image uploads, make sure the 'images' directory
## is writable, then set this to true:
$wgEnableUploads = true;
$wgUseImageMagick = true;
$wgImageMagickConvertCommand = "/usr/bin/convert";

# InstantCommons allows wiki to use images from https://commons.wikimedia.org
$wgUseInstantCommons = false;

# Periodically send a pingback to https://www.mediawiki.org/ with basic data
# about this MediaWiki instance. The Wikimedia Foundation shares this data
# with MediaWiki developers to help guide future development efforts.
$wgPingback = true;

## If you use ImageMagick (or any other shell command) on a
## Linux server, this will need to be set to the name of an
## available UTF-8 locale
$wgShellLocale = "C.UTF-8";

## Set $wgCacheDirectory to a writable directory on the web server
## to make your wiki go slightly faster. The directory should not
## be publically accessible from the web.
#$wgCacheDirectory = "$IP/cache";

# Site language code, should be one of the list in ./languages/data/Names.php
$wgLanguageCode = "de";

$wgSecretKey = "************************************************";

# Changing this will log out all existing sessions.
$wgAuthenticationTokenVersion = "1";

# Site upgrade key. Must be set to a string (default provided) to turn on the
# web installer while LocalSettings.php is in place
$wgUpgradeKey = "*******************";

## For attaching licensing metadata to pages, and displaying an
## appropriate copyright notice / icon. GNU Free Documentation
## License and Creative Commons licenses are supported so far.
$wgRightsPage = ""; # Set to the title of a wiki page that describes your license/copyright
$wgRightsUrl = "https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/";
$wgRightsText = "''Creative Commons'' „Namensnennung“";
$wgRightsIcon = "$wgResourceBasePath/resources/assets/licenses/cc-by.png";

# Path to the GNU diff3 utility. Used for conflict resolution.
$wgDiff3 = "/usr/bin/diff3";

## Default skin: you can change the default skin. Use the internal symbolic
## names, ie 'vector', 'monobook':
$wgDefaultSkin = "timeless";

# Enabled skins.
# The following skins were automatically enabled:
wfLoadSkin( 'MonoBook' );
wfLoadSkin( 'Timeless' );
wfLoadSkin( 'Vector' );


# Enabled extensions. Most of the extensions are enabled by adding
# wfLoadExtensions('ExtensionName');
# to LocalSettings.php. Check specific extension documentation for more details.
# The following extensions were automatically enabled:
wfLoadExtension( 'PdfHandler' );


# End of automatically generated settings.
# Add more configuration options below.

## Folgende Dateitypen kann man hochaden:
$wgFileExtensions = array( 'png', 'gif', 'jpg', 'jpeg', 'doc',
    'xls', 'mpp', 'pdf', 'ppt', 'tiff', 'bmp', 'docx', 'xlsx',
    'pptx', 'ps', 'odt', 'ods', 'odp', 'odg'
);

This is what $wgDebugLogFile outputs:

IP: 192.168.10.41
Start request GET /wiki
HTTP HEADERS:
HOST: www.example.com
CONNECTION: keep-alive
UPGRADE-INSECURE-REQUESTS: 1
USER-AGENT: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
ACCEPT: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
ACCEPT-ENCODING: gzip, deflate
ACCEPT-LANGUAGE: de-DE,de;q=0.9
[caches] cluster: APCBagOStuff, WAN: mediawiki-main-default, stash: db-replicated, message: APCBagOStuff, session: APCBagOStuff
[caches] LocalisationCache: using store LCStoreDB
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: calling initLB() before first connection.
[DBReplication] Cannot use ChronologyProtector with EmptyBagOStuff.
[DBReplication] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LBFactory::getChronologyProtector: using request info {
    "IPAddress": "192.168.10.41",
    "UserAgent": "Mozilla\/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit\/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome\/87.0.4280.88 Safari\/537.36",
    "ChronologyProtection": false,
    "ChronologyPositionIndex": 0
}
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: connected to database 0 at 'localhost'.
[CryptRand] 0 bytes of randomness leftover in the buffer.
[session] SessionBackend "rp7s42bde18ddtt4frj91b53qe1av97b" is unsaved, marking dirty in constructor
[session] SessionBackend "rp7s42bde18ddtt4frj91b53qe1av97b" save: dataDirty=1 metaDirty=1 forcePersist=0
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidb_session", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidbUserID", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidbToken", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "forceHTTPS", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[MessageCache] MessageCache::load: Loading de... local cache is empty, got from global cache
Title::getRestrictionTypes: applicable restrictions to [[Hauptseite]] are {edit,move}
[ContentHandler] Created handler for wikitext: WikitextContentHandler
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: primary transaction round committed
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: pre-send deferred updates completed
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: LBFactory shutdown completed
OutputPage::sendCacheControl: private caching; Tue, 15 Dec 2020 17:08:13 GMT **
[Pingback] Pingback::sendPingback: couldn't acquire lock
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: connected to database 0 at 'localhost'.
Request ended normally
[session] Saving all sessions on shutdown
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\{closure}: closing connection to database 'localhost'.
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\{closure}: closing connection to database 'localhost'.
IP: 192.168.10.41
Start request GET /wiki/Hauptseite
HTTP HEADERS:
HOST: www.example.com
CONNECTION: keep-alive
UPGRADE-INSECURE-REQUESTS: 1
USER-AGENT: Mozilla/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome/87.0.4280.88 Safari/537.36
ACCEPT: text/html,application/xhtml+xml,application/xml;q=0.9,image/avif,image/webp,image/apng,*/*;q=0.8,application/signed-exchange;v=b3;q=0.9
ACCEPT-ENCODING: gzip, deflate
ACCEPT-LANGUAGE: de-DE,de;q=0.9
[caches] cluster: APCBagOStuff, WAN: mediawiki-main-default, stash: db-replicated, message: APCBagOStuff, session: APCBagOStuff
[caches] LocalisationCache: using store LCStoreDB
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: calling initLB() before first connection.
[DBReplication] Cannot use ChronologyProtector with EmptyBagOStuff.
[DBReplication] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LBFactory::getChronologyProtector: using request info {
    "IPAddress": "192.168.10.41",
    "UserAgent": "Mozilla\/5.0 (X11; Linux x86_64) AppleWebKit\/537.36 (KHTML, like Gecko) Chrome\/87.0.4280.88 Safari\/537.36",
    "ChronologyProtection": false,
    "ChronologyPositionIndex": 0
}
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: connected to database 0 at 'localhost'.
[CryptRand] 0 bytes of randomness leftover in the buffer.
[session] SessionBackend "t77rer33nv4m384vlclfhpvb1fogenpv" is unsaved, marking dirty in constructor
[session] SessionBackend "t77rer33nv4m384vlclfhpvb1fogenpv" save: dataDirty=1 metaDirty=1 forcePersist=0
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidb_session", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidbUserID", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "wikidbToken", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
[cookie] already deleted setcookie: "forceHTTPS", "", "1576516093", "/", "", "", "1"
Title::getRestrictionTypes: applicable restrictions to [[Hauptseite]] are {edit,move}
[ContentHandler] Created handler for wikitext: WikitextContentHandler
OutputPage::checkLastModified: client did not send If-Modified-Since header
[MessageCache] MessageCache::load: Loading de... local cache is empty, got from global cache
Unstubbing $wgParser on call of $wgParser::firstCallInit from MessageCache->transform
Parser: using preprocessor: Preprocessor_DOM
Unstubbing $wgLang on call of $wgLang::_unstub from ParserOptions->__construct
[caches] parser: APCBagOStuff
Article::view using parser cache: yes
Article::view: doing uncached parse
[Preprocessor] Cached preprocessor output (key: wikidb:preprocess-xml:d1612c55c34f7cad24c22de9fc5cb36d:0)
[Mime] MimeAnalyzer::loadFiles: loading mime types from /var/www/mediawiki/includes/libs/mime/mime.types

[Mime] MimeAnalyzer::loadFiles: loading mime info from /var/www/mediawiki/includes/libs/mime/mime.info

File::transform: Doing stat for mwstore://local-backend/local-thumb/2/24/mydomainLogo.png/133px-mydomainLogo.png
[FileOperation] FileBackendStore::getFileStat: File mwstore://local-backend/local-thumb/2/24/mydomainLogo.png/133px-mydomainLogo.png does not exist.

TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: creating 133x104 thumbnail at /tmp/transform_b8ceaab162eb.png using scaler im
TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: returning unscaled image
File::transform: Doing stat for mwstore://local-backend/local-thumb/2/24/mydomainLogo.png/133px-mydomainLogo.png
TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: creating 133x104 thumbnail at /tmp/transform_93f421a6235c.png using scaler im
TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: returning unscaled image
File::transform: Doing stat for mwstore://local-backend/local-thumb/2/24/mydomainLogo.png/133px-mydomainLogo.png
TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: creating 133x104 thumbnail at /tmp/transform_5f377fc02094.png using scaler im
TransformationalImageHandler::doTransform: returning unscaled image
[Preprocessor] Loaded preprocessor output from cache (key: wikidb:preprocess-xml:d1612c55c34f7cad24c22de9fc5cb36d:0)
Saved in parser cache with key wikidb:pcache:idhash:1-0!canonical and timestamp 20201215170813 and revision id 1631
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: primary transaction round committed
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: pre-send deferred updates completed
MediaWiki::preOutputCommit: LBFactory shutdown completed
[MessageCache] MessageCache::load: Loading en... local cache is empty, global cache is expired/volatile, loading from database
Title::getRestrictionTypes: applicable restrictions to [[Hauptseite]] are {edit,move}
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->getUserLinks/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
SiteStats::loadAndLazyInit: reading site_stats from replica DB
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->getMainNavigation/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->execute/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->getPageToolSidebar/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->getPageToolSidebar/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->getPageToolSidebar/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->execute/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
[GlobalTitleFail] MessageCache::parse called by TimelessTemplate->execute/TimelessTemplate->getPortlet/Message->parse/Message->toString/Message->parseText/MessageCache->parse with no title set.
OutputPage::sendCacheControl: private caching; Tue, 15 Dec 2020 17:07:57 GMT **
[Pingback] Pingback::sendPingback: couldn't acquire lock
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\LoadBalancer::openConnection: connected to database 0 at 'localhost'.
Request ended normally
[session] Saving all sessions on shutdown
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\{closure}: closing connection to database 'localhost'.
[DBConnection] Wikimedia\Rdbms\{closure}: closing connection to database 'localhost'.

I hope you can see the problem...

Edited by King-Julien96 (see edit history)
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